Allergic reactions food is a hypersensitivity reaction of the immune system to certain foods. Foods that often because allergies are cow’s milk, cereals, beans, egg white, shrimp and fish. Allergies can also be caused by sulfides or salicylates in foods and drugs, flavoring, preservatives and synthetic dyes.
Allergic reactions food affects around 3-10% of children. In some infants, protein cannot be digested optimally because the activity of digestive enzymes has not fully developed. Also, they have intestinal mucosal permeability for larger macromolecules than adults. As a result, the protein that has not been broken down is absorbed more in the small intestine, causing an allergic reaction.
Allergic Reactions Food in Women Rather Than Men
In 80% of cases, food allergies disappear in the early years of life. Only 1-2% of adults have allergies (women are twice as many as men). Allergies to certain foods such as cow’s milk and egg white tend to disappear when the child grows up. Allergy to shrimp, fish, shellfish, and nuts tends to continue for life.
When you first eat food allergens, your immune system responds by making IgE. IgE, in this case, acts as a marker of allergic food molecules (allergens). When you eat that food again, your body will release IgE antibodies and other chemicals, including histamine, to expel “enemy proteins” from your body. Histamine is a powerful chemical that can affect the respiratory system, digestive tract, skin, or cardiovascular system.
As we know, our body has an immune system. We produce a type of protein called an antibody to mark germs that cause infection. There are various types of antibodies, and what causes allergic reactions is called immunoglobulin E (IgE). IgE antibodies are usually produced in response to parasitic infections, such as in malaria. However, the immune system could response as much. Like we discussed before, allergy is an overreaction from our immune that response the wrong protein in our body.
If after eating certain foods you get the symptoms below, then you can be sure you have a food allergy.
- Eyes: edema, allergic conjunctivitis
- Respiratory tract: coughing, asthma, shortness of breath
- System: anaphylactic shock (rare), blood pressure, heart rhythm disturbances, palpitations, headaches, fatigue
- Body: swelling of the body (angioneurotic edema)
- Skin: a reddish skin rash (urticaria) that itches and disappears within a few days.
- Gastrointestinal tract: diarrhea, vomiting, stomach cramps, hard and bloating
- Mouth: inflammation of the mouth, tongue, and palate
- Nose: a runny nose (rhinitis), sneezing
Food allergies can also be caused by the condition of the body that is not in the proper level of energy. This is because our immune system is weakened. This weak immune system then gives an extra immersion effect. After knowing what allergies, we have, the wisest treatment is to avoid exposure to allergens. But if it is unavoidable, then you should seek medical treatment and do an examination as above. The drugs that can be used are Cetirizine as an anti-histamine.
For those who experience itching on the skin can be treated with dexamethasone or corticosteroid and anti-inflammatory groups (NSAIDs). Many ointments can help. For problems with coughing in the morning, you should first check for allergies to what allergens, then avoid them. You should also be given intake of immunotherapy (to improve the immune system in the body). Giving cetirizine can be given, but you should consult a doctor first.
The extra protective effect actually reads proteins as poisons in the body. Eventually, a reaction will occur on the skin such as swelling or itching. In allergic reactions food which is classified as severe, it usually also affects the respiratory tract. Swelling can occur in the area of the respiratory tract to make it difficult for us to breathe.